Cabo Delgado is the northernmost province of Mozambique. It is named for Cape Delgado, a coastal headland on the border between Mozambique and Tanzania, which forms the northernmost point in Mozambique.
Nampula province has an area of 81,606 km² and a population of approximately 3.4 million (2002). Nampula is the capital of the province. Under Portuguese rule this province was named Moçambique but with independence, the name was used for the entire country and the province renamed for its capital.
Niassa province has an area of 129,056 km² and a population of approximately 900,000 (2002). It is the most sparsely populated province in the country. Lichinga is the capital of the province.
The Rovuma River forms much of the northern boundary of the province with Tanzania while Lake Niassa forms the western border of the province, separating it from Malawi.
Zambézia is the second most-populous province of Mozambique, located in the central coastal region south of Nampula and north of Sofala. It has a population of approximately 3.5 million (2002). The provincial capital is Quelimane on the Bons Sinais River.
Zambézia has a total area of 103,127 km², much of it drained by the Zambezi River. Much of the coast consists of mangrove swamps, and there is considerable forest inland.